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Timeline of the Jonestown Massacre

Timeline of the Jonestown Massacre


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Jonestown Research


Much of the information about Jonestown and Peoples Temple which appears elsewhere on this site is primary source material gathered from records of the Temple itself and government investigations before and after the deaths of 18 November 1978. This section of the site presents original research based upon those primary source documents both to give researchers a more complete picture of the Temple as an organization and Jonestown as a community, and to offer context for and coherence of those records.

The material below is organized into two broad categories. The first represents compilations of the documents themselves. The second represents original research by contributors to this site

The managers of this site are deeply indebted to Don Beck and the late Michael Bellefountaine, who compiled most of the material which appears below.


Alternative History (Conspiracy) Theory Index

Part I: Website Presentation of Theories

Peoples Temple/Jonestown as part of MK ULTRA mind control experiment, Jones as a CIA operative.

Articles and Research by Laurie Efrein Kahalas (1998-2019)

IN PLAIN SIGHT: Proof that it was NOT Peoples Temple that killed the congressman

CIA killed congressman Leo Ryan and the others on the airstrip and wanted the massacre to happen in Jonestown. That for them was the ”optimal” outcome. CIA also framed the ”dead cultists” for the murder of Ryan. All in the name of Cold War.

I Rest This Case: In Defense of ”In Plain Sight”

Peoples Temple Was Not a Cult of Assassins

Temple members didn’t assassinate Congressman Leo Ryan. The actual assassins were highly-trained, brutal, professional military hit-team assembled by CIA. Al and Jeannie Mills were government agents which ultimately led to their demise.

A Different Course

Diana and Elmer Mertle (a.k.a. Jeannie & Al Mills) were FBI plants in the Temple with ties to Treasury Department, Interpol, Customs and ATF. Government agents were afraid of exposure and killed them in a preemptive hit. Tim Stoen was a CIA plant constantly provoking terrorism in church’s ranks. They are complicit in the Jonestown massacre. As are others who falsely labeled Jonestown as an armed camp, made up other fallacious claims and signed groundless affidavits.

Notorious Incident in L.A. a/k/a ”Kill The Messenger” Setting the Record Straight (Including the Psychiatric Pathology of Jim Jones)

Jones was raped by his father when he was still a child. This incident was the cause for his erratic and disturbing behavior. She (Laurie) channelled a text called ”Allegory” from an otherworldly being (a ghost) that predicted the mass death in Jonestown, and for that she was sadistically and brutally humiliated in a Temple meeting. The CIA’s ”black ops” killed the anti-CIA congressman instead of Peoples Temple and the on-site NBC footage is the proof of that. Later CIA framed the ”cult crazies” (who were headed for Russia and had to be stopped) and FBI covered it up. Children of the massacre were ”collateral damage.” Two months prior suicides government agent Joseph Mazor came into Jonestown and threatened the community with ”mass extermination.”

Jonestown: The Human Story

Laurie Efrein Kahalas’ Jonestown.com site is archived here.

Jones was working with CIA and the fate of the people of Jonestown was pretermined. CIA wanted to cause revulsion against predominantly leftist practices such as integration and communitarianism.

Jones was a CIA agent. In various precincts of U.S. intelligence community it was feared that Ryan’s investigation would embarrass CIA by linking Jones to the agency’s most volatile programs and operations.

Suggests that US intelligence infiltrated Peoples Temple and at least hid the evidence in Jonestown.

Suggests that Jim Jones was working for CIA and the end of the movement in Jonestown was a result of this over 15 years affiliation.

Unanswered Questions About Jonestown

Most of the Jonestown victims didn’t die of suicide, but by murder.

Who Silenced Joe Holsinger?

Holsinger, a Legislative Assistant of Leo Ryan had voiced his opinion in several publications that U.S. government had constructed and passed on an elaborate disinformation campaign to conceal the real truth about the Jonestown massacre, which was mass murder. Therefore he was intimidated by CIA to keep his silence.

Three Cheers After the Tragedy from ”A Lot of People” – Who Were They?

The end of Jonestown came not from ”drinking the kool-aid,” but from mass murder which still is riddled with many unresolved questions.

Jonestown Witnesses Report: Murder, Not Suicide

At least 30 people had been shot down either by bullets or arrows as they were trying to escape. This was executed by no more than 30 assassins. The site was that of a mass killing.

The Buried Agenda of Leo Ryan

Leo Ryan was assassinated because of his ongoing investigation into CIA’s mind control programs such as MK Ultra, Bluebird and Chickwit. This was also Ryan’s ulterior motive for the trip to Jonestown.

Why STAND Is Covering Jonestown Today

Inactivity in Jonestown investigation even though people were murdered. Was it the killers who were heard cheering after the massacre?

Revisiting the Jonestown Tragedy: Newly Released Documents Shed Light on Unsolved Murders, with Jan Thorpe

CIA had planted the airstrip killers in Peoples Temple, and the killings were carried out in a professional manner. Ryan was assassinated due to his investigations into CIA’s mind control programs. Those programs were ongoing in Jonestown, amount of anti-psychotic drugs and tranquilizers found on the site were proof of that. People of Jonestown were shot and injected with cyanide. Airlift support and hundreds of body bags were already on hold for the victims of this mass murder.

CIA monitored Jonestown before the deaths and controlled the aftermath. Green Berets were sent there to kill the survivors.

Jim Jones used methods from Orwell’s book to gain extreme mind control over his congregation.


Left for dead at Jonestown 40 years ago: A look back at the horrifying ordeal by survivor Congresswoman Jackie Speier

SAN FRANCISCO (KGO) -- This year marks the 40th anniversary of the largest mass murder-suicide in American history. It happened in a remote village overseas named "Jonestown" in the South American country of Guyana. Congresswoman Jackie Speier, D-Calif., was there in 1978. She was shot and left for dead. She talked with ABC7's Cheryl Jennings about the horrific ordeal that haunts her to this day.

"There are so many thoughts that run through your head when you're dying. And I was 28 years old. I had resigned myself to the fact that I was dying." Bay Area Rep. Jackie Speier was shot and left to die in what became the largest mass murder-suicide in American history. Here's a look at what she shared with ABC7's Cheryl Jennings about the ordeal that haunts her to this day.

"Every time I go back to that moment, I thank God that I'm still alive, because there's no reason why I am alive," she said.

Speier was just 28 years old. She was an aide to Congressman Leo Ryan, who went to investigate claims of abuse and people being held against their will in Guyana by cult leader Reverend Jim Jones. But his followers weren't going to let the Congressional delegation, including journalists, leave alive. They were ambushed as they were boarding their plane.

Speier: "And then Ryan started to run so I ran under the plane. And as I was running, he was hit once. And then he was hit again. And fell. And I just ran to one of the wheels and tried to hide there, pretending I was dead."
Jennings: "Do you remember the physical-ness of being hit?
Speier: "The first thing I felt was the impact and then I looked onto my right side and my right arm was blown up and there was bone sticking out. My right thigh was totally destroyed, but the femoral artery was still intact. If that had been severed, I would have bled to death."

Speier was shot five times, including a bullet to her back.

Jennings: "You were basically left for dead."
Speier: "We were on that airstrip for 22 hours without medical attention."

Miraculously, Speier survived. She was finally airlifted to America where she would undergo at least 10 surgeries.

Jennings "Do you still have shrapnel in your body?"
Speier: "I do. I have two bullets still and then shrapnel as well."

Shortly after the attack on the Congressional delegation in Guyana, more than 900 men, women and children died after Jim Jones ordered them to drink a cyanide-laced beverage. Speier says the children and infants were injected with the poison.

"I always get my hackles up when people say it was suicide. Those people were murdered," Speier angrily reflected.

They had believed the promises by Jim Jones, that he would lead them to a better life as members of his church, The Peoples Temple. He was powerful and charismatic.

The late San Francisco Mayor George Moscone talked about Reverend Jones' appeal, "He had a reputation in the community for being able to bring peacefulness and harmony to people who were very poor and very frustrated."

Jim Jones was close to prominent leaders in San Francisco government, in spite of complaints against him and by people who wanted to leave his church.

Of the politicians, Speier says they, "Just turned a deaf ear. And they did so because Jim Jones represented two to 3000 votes. Two to 300 precinct walkers, two to 3000 individuals who could get out the vote. And he was immediately made the chairman of the Housing Authority once he helped deliver the election of the Mayor."

According to Speier, she heard all the stories from the defectors.

"So I knew he was an unstable person going in," she said. "And was concerned about that trip and said to Congressman Ryan, 'Are you sure we should be going?' He had this sense that we would be protected."

The late Congressman Leo Ryan talked about his conversations with supporters of Jim Jones.

"There are some people who believe this is the best thing that ever happened to them in their whole life," he said.

And Jim Jones chastised anyone who complained about him, saying, "People play games. They lie. They lie, what can I do about liars?"

The painful truth is that Ryan was shot more than 40 times. He died trying to save people from Jim Jones.

More than 400 Peoples Temple members are in a mass grave at Oakland's evergreen cemetery. That includes children. A simple tombstone marks their remains.

Speier found a way to survive emotionally. She appreciates all she's been given, after her brush with death and the Jonestown massacre.

"I have lived a very full life," she said. "I've had lots of highs and a fair number of lows but I'm very lucky because of my family, friends, and my faith."


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The Jonestown Massacre

On November 18, 1978, Peoples Temple leader Jim Jones instructed all members living in the Jonestown, Guyana compound to commit an act of "revolutionary suicide," by drinking poisoned punch. In all, 918 people died that day, nearly a third of whom were children.

The Jonestown Massacre was the most deadly single non-natural disaster in U.S. history until September 11, 2001. The Jonestown Massacre also remains the only time in history in which a U.S. congressman (Leo Ryan) was killed in the line of duty.


Now, the question is, what led all these people to take their own lives willingly?

His full name was Jim Warren Jones and he was the son of Lynetta Jones and James Jones, born on May 13th, 1931. His father was a veteran of World War 1 and lived on disability payments because of being a gas attack victim during the war. His mother was described as a free-spirited woman who didn’t hold any religious beliefs. Jones grew up in Indiana and always lacked attention from his parents. As a teenager, he was very passionate about the Bible and would always carry it with him. Jones would sometimes preach the Bible on the street to people. When Jones was around seventeen, he managed to get a job at a hospital. It was at the same hospital that he met a nursing student, Marceline, in 1948. In June 1949, the two got married.

Jones’s main focus was on the local Black and African American churches in their city. He liked how the environment in the churches was welcoming and fun. He became a member of one of the churches that ended up hiring him as a student pastor. However, he ended up leaving the church because he wanted to start his own and be fully in charge of everything. Jones opened his first church in Indianapolis. He tried to mix Christianity with new age spirituality and radical social justice. The mix so far attracted a very loyal following. Jones’s church was racially integrated, which means it welcomed all races without discrimination. He believed that everyone was equal despite their race.

As his following grew bigger, Jones decided to upgrade to a larger building. He financed the construction of a bigger church by performing miracles. This attracted more people to his church, and he would, in turn, collect money from his crowd through the offering they gave during services. Jones would also visit local churches to attract more people to his church. It’s said that he would also perform miracles during these visits.

When Jones moved to his bigger church, he changed the name from Community Unity to People’s Temple. Because of the economic segregation in Indianapolis, Jones made it his aim to integrate African Americans and the Black community into Indianapolis’s daily system.

Jones managed to achieve some form of equality for the black community in Indianapolis as they would now be served in certain white restaurants and small businesses. In 1965, he moved with his family to Ukiah, California, and established a new place for the People’s Temple. A few of his members followed him there. Jones started having affairs with his church members. Because he was bisexual, he would have affairs with both the young women and men. The members of his church believed that he had special needs, and hence they understood his actions. They considered it part of their duties to have sex with him. Above that, he started disregarding the Bible and would have his members call him Father. He believed that he was not human but a god.

Jones would receive a lot of donations from outsiders and his members. He opened stores where he welcomed donations of clothes from people and sold them. Jones started many programs, including serving free meals in low-income areas and sending people to college who couldn’t afford it, including helping and healing drug addicts.

The People’s Temple established permanent churches in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Jones often told his members that they faced dangerous threats from racists. With time, Jones was changing into a more controlling leader towards his followers. Jones’s control extended to the most personal aspects of his followers. For instance, he banned romantic relationships as they caused people to be distracted from the church. Jones would keep his members busy most of the time with church activities. He would give severe punishments to the members who strayed from his established rules.

Things got worse when Jones started using drugs around 1971. The aim was to provide him with the needed energy during the day and allow him to sleep at night. However, the drugs started altering his moods and giving him red watery eyes. This was the point that he started wearing black sunglasses all the time. His excuse for his members was that he didn’t want to harm them with his power as it was getting stronger by the day.

The drugs also caused him to be very paranoid. He started believing that the government was a danger to his church and would often preach about it — this instilled fear in his church members. So, Jones decided to establish a man-made paradise for his followers to be safe from the FBI and CIA attack. He wanted to build a new world for his members. In October 1973, he chose Guyana in South America as the perfect location. The majority of Guyana was covered with dense jungle. Therefore, this was a perfect place to avoid the threats they were facing. In May 1977, Jonestown became an official settlement. His follower’s social security checks funded Jonestown.


Why Did Hundreds of Americans 'Drink the Kool-Aid' at Jonestown?

Back in November 1978, Americans were shocked by newspaper headlines about the deaths of more than 900 people in the South American nation of Guyana, in what appeared to be a combination of mass murder and suicide by poison. The carnage took place at a jungle camp known as Jonestown. Its founder was a charismatic American religious leader, the Rev. Jim Jones, who had led many of the cult followers of his former San Francisco-based Peoples Temple sect there.

The trigger apparently was a visit by a member of Congress, Rep. Leo Ryan of California, who had flown to Guyana to investigate whether Jones' followers were being forced to remain there against their will. Ryan and NBC journalist Don Harris confronted Jones on camera about a Peoples Temple member who had pleaded for help in getting away. Later Both Ryan and Harris were ambushed and shot to death on an airport tarmac as they attempted to return to the U.S., along with two other journalists and a defector from Jones' group, according to this retrospective Rolling Stone account published around the 40th anniversary of the event.

A Horrific Tragedy in the Guyanese Jungle

But those killings were just small part of a larger tragedy. Back at Jones' camp, approximately 900 Peoples Temple members were told by Jones that it was time to commit "revolutionary suicide," according to the Rolling Stone account. Some willingly drank a flavored drink mix laced with deadly cyanide and other chemicals, and even gave it to their children. Others, who didn't want to die, were forcibly injected. Jones didn't take the poison himself, but died of a gunshot wound to the right temple, according to an autopsy later conducted by U.S. authorities. (The wound was consistent with suicide, but the pathologist who wrote the report noted that "the possibility of homicide cannot be entirely ruled out.")

According to FBI's summary of its extensive investigation, Jones — in a twisted tangle of delusional thinking — decided that everyone at Jonestown had to die, in order to avoid retaliation in response to the killings of Ryan and others in his delegation. (Here's a link to the FBI's collection of documents on the case, later released through the U.S. Freedom of Information Act.)

Decades later, what has become known as the Jonestown Massacre remains the subject of both horror and lurid fascination. Who was Jones, and why did so many leave home and follow him to a faraway place — and even, ultimately, comply with his order to kill themselves? The event encoded itself into popular culture, spawning the expression "Drink the Kool-Aid" to describe someone who embraces cultish beliefs — although, it should be mentioned, it was a different brand of flavored beverage that Jones used to make the lethal drink, according to Tim Reiterman's 1982 book "Raven: The Untold Story of the Rev. Jim Jones and His People," and other sources.

The Early History of Jim Jones

Jones himself was a puzzling figure. As this 1978 New York Times biographical sketch describes, he was born in 1931 in Lynn, Indiana, a rural town so small that it had a single traffic light, where one of the main businesses was making coffins. He was the son of a World War I veteran who had difficulty making a steady living, and a mother who worked in factories and as a waitress to make ends meet. Jones' mother pushed him to make something of himself and he eventually enrolled in Indiana University with the plan of eventually becoming a doctor.

But after Jones joined a fundamentalist Christian church in Indianapolis, he abandoned his medical ambitions, and instead decided to become a minister. According to the Times, he saw religion as a way to organize people to achieve change and fix social problems such as racial discrimination and poverty. In 1953, he left the white congregation that he originally joined and established his own church, which he opened to all ethnic groups. Low on funds, Jones supported himself and his religious organization with an exotic sideline: He imported monkeys and went from door to door to sell them as pets for $29 apiece.

Jones' congregation in Indianapolis grew, and he eventually attracted hundreds of followers, according to the Times account. He made a reputation for himself by opening soup kitchens and helping poor people — both Blacks and whites — to find jobs, and for a time served as the city's Human Relations Commissioner. At the same time, though, he also became fascinated with Father Divine, a flamboyant, flashy-dressing Depression-era preacher who mixed bits and pieces of various religions to forge a movement that operated scores of restaurants, gas stations, hotels and other businesses. Jones was impressed by the loyalty of Father Divine's followers, and decided to reshape his own image in imitation. Jones also started conducting faith healings, claiming that he could miraculously cure people who suffered from cancer and arthritis.

After Jones came under scrutiny in Indianapolis for real estate transfers made by church members to a corporation that Jones and family members controlled, his preaching took a darker, apocalyptic tone. He warned his followers that a nuclear war would occur within a few years, and that they needed to move with him to a supposedly safer place — northern California.

In 1965, he led 70 families to relocate with him there in a rural town in Mendocino County. But by the early 1970s, Jones decided that his real calling was preaching in low-income Black resident in the cities. He opened a church in San Francisco and eventually, a second branch in Los Angeles. Jones' blend of social activism and his seemingly tireless organizing efforts bore fruit. At his peak, he claimed to have 20,000 followers, the Times reported.

While people were attracted to Jones by idealism, they gradually were drawn into a cult that became increasingly extreme. One psychology textbook cites Jones as an example of narcissistic personality disorder, in which a person has an inflated sense of importance and a craving for admiration, coupled by a lack of empathy and intolerance to the slightest criticism. To exacerbate matters, Jones also became addicted to pharmaceutical drugs — and used them heavily that his autopsy revealed tissue levels of pentobarbital, a tranquillizer, that were "within the toxic range."

Jones gave marathon sermons that sometimes lasted six hours, and made his followers work so hard that they became too tired to complain — or too afraid of his "catharsis sessions," in which participants had to confess personal secrets at the risk of being beaten with a paddle. There were rumors of members being forced to sell their homes and turn over their savings to the church.

"It's a mistake to think that Jim Jones was all one thing or another — a skillful manipulator or an extreme personality," investigative journalist Jeff Guinn says via email. He's the author of the 2018 book "The Road to Jonestown," and executive producer of the Sundance TV docuseries "Jonestown: Terror in the Jungle."

Jones "was always something of both. Over the years drugs and hubris pushed him ever closer to the extreme aspects of his psyche," Guinn says.

Jones Takes His Ideology to South America

After Jones, who was bisexual, was arrested in 1973 after allegedly making sexual advances to an undercover police officer in the men's room of a Los Angeles theater, he decided to leave the U.S. altogether, and establish a utopian agricultural commune in South America. Many of his followers uprooted their lives to accompany him to Jonestown.

"Most people followed Jones not because of what he promised to give them, but for what he promised they would help him do — set a shining example of a group where race, gender and financial status meant nothing and everyone was equal," Guinn explains. "The rest of the world would see them and change for the better. Day by day, step by step, he gradually pulled them in deeper until, at the end, many felt they must ignore Jones' eccentricities because the noble Peoples Temple objective might still be achieved. By the end, most were in thrall to the goal of helping bring about a better world rather than in thrall to Jones."

Things got progressively weirder. As this 2011 account in The Atlantic by a former Jonestown resident describes, the compound was wired throughout with loudspeakers, and Jones' voice — either live or recorded — was heard continuously around the clock. He bombarded his followers with misinformation, such as claims that African Americans in the U.S. were being herded into concentration camps, and that U.S. authorities eventually would descend upon Guyana to destroy the commune because of its socialism. Jones even would stage fake raids, firing gunshots in the forest to make it seem as if Jonestown was under attack. Then members would be given cups of a flavored drink that they believed contained cyanide, and then were pressured or forced into drinking it, in what turned out to be macabre rehearsals for what was to come.

When Jones wasn't training members to commit suicide, he sometimes forced them to engage in boxing matches, in which members who didn't follow his rules were beaten by stronger fighters, while he watched in amusement, according to Reiterman's book.

According to Guinn, it's easy to get the wrong idea about the people who died at Jonestown. "The first dangerous myth is that all the people who died that day were sheep-like followers who followed the instructions of an obviously deranged leader," he explains via email.

Instead, Guinn says, they were "mostly exhausted and disillusioned. They were in the middle of the jungle, a U.S. congressman had just been murdered, and most of those who died willingly did so more to get their suffering over with than to honor Jones with their obedience. At least one-third were infants, toddlers and young children, and another third of the dead were elderly people who weren't physically capable of fleeing through the jungle. Many old people were injected with poison while they lay in their Jonestown dormitory beds." Those who wouldn't take the poison were held down by guards and forcibly dosed, he explains.

"It was mass murder, not mass suicide," Guinn says.

It's also dangerous to view the Jonestown massacre as an aberration that won't ever recur. In an era when cults that spread misinformation and conspiracy theories and preach extreme beliefs are spreading over the internet, we might be in more danger than ever of a reoccurrence.

"History is cyclical. In the 1960s and early 1970s, America was in a time of social and political upheaval and many awful events resulted, from race riots to leaders who in retrospect should have been recognized as too flawed to follow," Guinn says. "I think there are current parallels. What I learned in researching and writing 'The Road to Jonestown' scares the hell out of me when I see America today."

According to a 2003 analysis on the American Psychological Association website, Jones' techniques for controlling his followers eerily seem to mimic both social psychology research and the totalitarian regime in George Orwell's novel "1984."


Welcome!

Welcome to “Alternative Considerations of Jonestown and Peoples Temple,” sponsored by the Special Collections of Library and Information Access at San Diego State University. This website is designed to give personal and scholarly perspectives on a major event in the history of religion in America. Its primary purpose is to present information about Peoples Temple as accurately and objectively as possible. In an effort to be impartial, we offer many diverse views and opinions about the Temple and the events in Jonestown.

We hope that visitors to the site will come away with an understanding that the story of Jonestown did not start or end on 18 November 1978.

What is unique about this website are three main features:

  1. Remembrances of those who died and those who survived the tragedy of 18 November 1978 in order to respect their lives and humanize their deaths.
  2. Documentation of the numerous government investigations into Peoples Temple and Jonestown through materials released under the Freedom of Information Act.
  3. Presentation of Peoples Temple and its members in their own words: through articles, tapes, letters, photographs and other items. These materials let readers make their own judgments about the group and its end.

Tape transcripts, summaries, some primary source documents, and photographs not otherwise designated as copyrighted on this site are free and available to the public for use by crediting: The Jonestown Institute, http://jonestown.sdsu.edu. Other items require the author’s permission for re-publication.

This is an educational and informational website intended to present a wide diversity of viewpoints. Opinions published here do not indicate any endorsement by either San Diego State University or the managers of the website, but do reflect a commitment to the principle of free expression.


Frequently Asked Questions

The sign reads: “Welcome to Jonestown, Peoples Temple Agricultural Project”

“Jonestown” is a word with several meanings. First, it refers to an agricultural project established by the Peoples Temple, a religious group based in California which immigrated to Guyana in the mid-1970s to establish an agricultural utopia. Second, it refers to the events of 18 November 1978 in which a U.S. Congressman was assassinated, along with four other individuals, at a jungle airstrip in South America. These tragic killings were followed by the mass murders and suicides of 900 men, women, and children by ingesting potassium cyanide mixed into a vat of fruit punch and tranquilizers. Finally, the word “Jonestown” has been used to describe any New Religious Movement which may or may not have the potential for violence, as in “Heaven’s Gate was another Jonestown.”

A concise introduction to Peoples Temple – written by this site’s manager for the Virginia Commonwealth University World Religions and Spirituality Project – includes a timeline on the Temple’s history, information on the group’s doctrines and beliefs, its rituals, its leadership, and the challenges and issues that culminated on November 18, 1978.

The following answers to Frequently Asked Questions about Jonestown provide additional information about the group, its beliefs, and its practices.

Unless otherwise noted in an individual answer, the texts of the questions and answers below were written by Fielding M. McGehee III.

Peoples Temple

  • What is the correct spelling of Peoples Temple? Answer
  • How did Peoples Temple begin? Answer
  • Who was the leader of Peoples Temple? Answer
  • What was Jim Jones’ racial heritage? Answer
  • Was Peoples Temple a church? Answer
  • Was Peoples Temple associated with a denomination? Answer
  • Why did Peoples Temple alter the words in some of the hymns they sang? Answer
  • Who joined Peoples Temple? Answer
  • What were the beliefs of Peoples Temple members? Answer
  • What is Apostolic Socialism? Answer />
  • How many people belonged to Peoples Temple? Answer
  • Did Jim Jones have the power to heal? Answer
  • Why did people refer to Jim Jones as “Father” or “Dad”? When did that start? Answer
  • Was Peoples Temple responsible for the deaths of some of its former members? Answer
  • Why did Peoples Temple make so many audiotapes? Answer
  • Did Jim Jones ever make commercial recordings of his sermons? Answer />

Jonestown, Pre-November 18, 1978

  • Where exactly was Jonestown? Answer
  • Why was Jonestown established in a remote area of the small South American country of Guyana? Answer
  • How did so many members of Peoples Temple migrate to Jonestown in so short a time? Were they forced to go? Answer
  • What were conditions like in Jonestown? Answer
  • Was the Peoples Temple project in Guyana always known as Jonestown? Answer
  • Were there religious services held in Jonestown? Answer
  • Did people have Bibles in Jonestown? Answer />
  • Was Jonestown a self-sustaining community? Answer
  • Was there Social Security fraud in Jonestown? Answer
  • Did Peoples Temple commit fraud in its relationship with state welfare agencies, especially with the foster children under its care? Answer
  • Why did people have so many different names in Jonestown? Answer
  • Were people happy in Jonestown? Answer
  • Was Jonestown an armed camp? Answer
  • Was Jonestown a concentration camp? Answer
  • What were the disciplines and punishments in Jonestown? Answer
  • What was Lamaha Gardens? Who lived there? Answer
  • Who was Mr. Muggs? Answer
  • What was Peoples Temple’s plan to move to the Soviet Union? Answer
  • What are White Nights? How many of them were there? Answer
  • What is the origin of the term “White Night”? Answer
  • Why is the child custody battle over John Victor Stoen so important? Answer
  • What was the Six-Day Siege? Answer />
  • Where did Jim Jones live in Jonestown? Was his residence separate from the community? Answer
  • What was Jim Jones’ mental and physical condition in November 1978? Was it related to his use of drugs? Answer
  • What is the definition of “revolutionary suicide”? Answer

November 18, 1978

  • Who accompanied Congressman Leo Ryan on his trip to Guyana in November 1978? Answer
  • What exactly happened on 18 November 1978? Answer
  • How many people died on November 18? Answer
  • Who was killed at the Port Kaituma airstrip on November 18? Who was wounded? Who were identified as the assailants? Answer
  • Did the airstrip shooters deliberately target Congressman Ryan and members of the news media? Answer
  • Who was Richard Dwyer? Where was he on November 18? Was he CIA? Answer
  • How did Sharon Amos and her children die? What happened to the others in the Lamaha Gardens bathroom? Answer
  • How many people survived November 18? Answer
  • Who else – other than members of Peoples Temple – survived November 18? Answer
  • Who was in the group that left Jonestown to go on a “picnic” the morning of November 18th? Answer
  • What were the boats used by Temple members in Jonestown? Where were they on November 18? Answer
  • Who was on the Jonestown basketball team and why were they in Georgetown on November 18? Answer
  • Should the deaths in Jonestown be considered as suicides or murders? Answer
  • How many children and minors died in Jonestown? What were their ages? Answer
  • How many Guyanese died in Jonestown? Did any other non-Americans die? Answer
  • Who shot Jim Jones? Was it murder or suicide? Answer
  • What is the explanation for the changing body count in Jonestown the first week? Answer
  • Why are there differences in the final death toll, and why do those differences still persist? Answer
  • Why were so many of the people found face down or in rows? Answer
  • Why do photographs show some bodies – including that of Jones – moved from their positions when they were first discovered? Answer
  • What is the explanation for the syringes found at Jonestown following the deaths and for the puncture marks on some of the bodies? Answer
  • Were there any eyewitnesses to the deaths in Jonestown? Answer
  • What are the facts about the cyanide in Jonestown? Answer
  • Was it Kool-Aid? Answer

Post-November 18, 1978

  • What is known about the tape that was recorded the day after the deaths in Jonestown? Answer
  • What pathologists investigated the deaths that occurred in Jonestown, Georgetown, and Port Kaituma? Answer
  • What was the testimony of Guyana pathologist Dr. Leslie Mootoo? Answer
  • Were any people prosecuted for their roles in what happened on November 18, 1978? Answer
  • What happened to the bodies from Jonestown? Answer
  • What was the disposition of Jim Jones’ body? Answer
  • Did Jim Jones have tattoos? Answer
  • What happened to the graves of the people who died in Jonestown before November 1978? Answer
  • Was there a Peoples Temple hit list? Answer
  • Why are there so many conspiracy theories about what happened in Jonestown? Answer
  • What happened to Peoples Temple after 18 November 1978? Answer
  • What happened to the Peoples Temple church buildings in the United States? Answer
  • What happened to Jonestown in the aftermath of the deaths? Answer
  • What happened to the plan to house Hmong refugees at Jonestown? Answer
  • How much did Peoples Temple have in assets at the time of the deaths in Jonestown? Where did it go afterwards? Answer
  • Who were Al and Jeannie Mills? Answer
  • Who was Paula Adams? What was her relationship to Laurence Mann? Were their deaths connected to Peoples Temple? Answer
  • What happened to the survivors of Peoples Temple? Answer
  • Who is entitled to Unclaimed Property from the California State Controller? Answer
  • What does Jonestown look like today? Is it possible to visit the site? Answer


Watch the video: Jim Jones u0026 The Peoples Temple - Documentary (November 2022).

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