New

USS New Mexico BB-40 - History

USS New Mexico BB-40 - History


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

USS New Mexico BB-40

USS New Mexico BB-40

.

(BB-40: dp. 32,000; 1. 624'; b. 97'; dr. 30'; s. 21 k.; cpl. 1,084 a. 12 14", 14 5", 4 3", 2 21" tt.; cl. New Mexico)

New Mexico (BB-40) was laid down 14 October 1915 by the New York Navy Yard: launched 13 April 1917, sponsored by Miss Margaret C. DeBaea, daughter of the Governor of New Mexico; and commissioned 20 May 1918, Capt. Ashley H. Robertson in command.

After initial training, New Mexico departed New York 15 January 1919 for Brest, France, to escort home transport George Washington carrying President Woodrow Wilson from the Versailles Peace Conference, returning to Hampton Roads 27 February. There on 16 July she became flagship of the newly-organized Pacific Fleet, and three days later sailed for the Panama Canal and San Pedro, Calif., arriving 9 August. The next 12 years were marked by frequent combined maneuvers with the Atlantic Fleet both in the Pacific and Caribbean which included visits to South American ports and a 1925 cruise to Australia and New Zealand.

Modernized and overhauled at Philadelphia between March 1931 and January 1933, New Mexico returned to the Pacific in October 1934 to resume training exercises and tactical development operations. As war threatened, her base was Pearl Harbor from 6 December 1940 until 20 May 1941

when she sailed to join the Atlantic Fleet at Norfolk 16 June for duty on neutrality patrol. When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, she returned to the west coast, and sailed 1 August 1942 from San Francisco to prepare in Hawaii for action. Between 6 December and 22 March 1943, she sailed to escort troop transports to the Fijis, then patrolled the southwest Pacific, returning to Pearl Harbor to prepare for the campaign against the Japanese in the Aleutians. On 17 May she arrived Adak, her base while serving on the blockade of Attu, and on 21 July she joined in the massive bombardment of Kiska that forced its evacuation a week later.

After refitting at Puget Sound Navy Yard, New Me:rico returned to Pearl Harbor 25 October to rehearse the assault on the Gilbert Islands. During the invasion, begun 20 November, she pounded Butaritari, guarded transports during their night withdrawals from the islands, and provided antiaircraft cover during unloading operations, as wolf as screening carriers. She returned to Pearl Harbor 5 December.

Underway with the Marshall Islands assault force 12 January 1944, New Mexico bombarded Kwajalein and Ebeye 31 January and 1 February, then replenished at Majuro. She

blasted Wotie 20 February and Kavieng, New Ireland 20 March, then visited Sydney before arriving in the Solomons in May to rehearse the Marianas operation.

New Mexico bombarded Tinian 14 June, Saipan 15 June and Guam 16 June, and twice helped drive off enemy air attacks 18 June. She protected transports off the Marianas while the carrier task force spelled the doom of Japanese naval aviation in its great victory, the Battle of the Philippine Sea, 19-20 June. New Mexico escorted transports to Eniwetok, then sailed 9 July guarding escort carriers until 12 July, when her guns opened on Guam in preparation for the landings 21 July. Until 30 July she blasted enemy positions and installations on the island.

Overhauled at Bremerton August to October, New Mexico arrived in Leyte Gulf 22 November to cover the movement of reinforcement and supply convoys, firing in the almost daily air attacks over the Gulf, as the Japanese posed desperate resistance to the reconquest of the Philippines. She left Leyte Gulf 2 December for the Palaus, where she joined a force covering the Mindoro-bound assault convoy. Again she sent up antiaircraft fire as invasion troops stormed ashore 15 December, providing cover for two days until sailing for the Palaus.

Her next operation was the invasion of Luzon, fought under a sky full of would be suicide planes, against whom she was almost continually at general quarters. She fired pre landing bombardment 6 January 1945, and that day took a suicide hit on her bridge which killed her commanding officer, Captain R. W. Fleming, and 29 others of her crew with 87 injured. Her guns remained in action as she repairer damage, and she was still in action 9 January as troops went ashore.

After repairs at Pearl Harbor, New Mexico arrived at Ulithi to stage for the invasion of Okinawa, sailing 21 March with a heavy fire support group. Her guns opened on Okinawa 26 March, and were not silent until 17 April as she gave every aid to troops engaged ashore. Again on 21 and 29 April she opened fire, and on 11 May she destroyed 8 suicide boats. While approaching her berth in Hagushi anchorage just after sunset 12 May, New Mexico was attacked by two suicides one plunged into her, the other managed to hit her with his bomb. She was set on fire, and 54 of her men were killed, with 119 wounded. Swift action extinguished the fires within half an hour, and on 28 May she departed for repairs at Leyte, followed by rehearsals for the planned invasion of the Japanese home islands. Word of the war's end reached her at Saipan 15 August, and next day she sailed for Okinawa to join the occupation force. She entered Sagami Wan 27 August to support the airborne occupation of Atsugi Airfield, then next day passed into Tokyo Bay to witness the surrender 2 September.

New Mexico was homeward bound 6 September, calling at Okinawa, Pearl Harbor, and the Panama Canal before arriving Boston 17 October. There she decommissioned 19 July 1946. She was sold for scrapping 13 October 1947 to Lipsett, Inc., New York City.

New Mexico received 6 battle stars for World War II service.


U.S.S. NEW MEIXCO

USS New Mexico began her service when the Navy commissioned her in May 1918. During the remainder of the First World War, she patrolled the Eastern shoreline of the United States. By the end of 1919, the Navy designated the ship as the flagship of the Pacific and she reported for duty on the West Coast. For the next couple of decades, USS New Mexico worked in the Pacific with visits to Australia, New Zealand, and South America. From 1931 to 1933, the ship underwent a modernization project that improved her armament and guns.

In May 1941, USS New Mexico reported for duty in the Atlantic. This caused her to miss the Pearl Harbor raid later that year. The Navy sent her back to the Pacific in early 1942 to bolster the reduced forces operating in this area. The ship played a major role in many operations within the Pacific Theater for the remainder of the War. She took part in the invasions of Attu, Kiska, the Gilbert Islands, the Marshall Islands, New Ireland, Saipan, Tinian, Guam, Mindoro, Luzon, and Okinawa. Along the way, suicide planes hit her twice. She lost over 250 crewmen between the two. The Navy decommissioned her in July 1946 and sold for scrapping the next year.


NEW MEXICO BB 40

This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.


    New Mexico Class Battleship
    Keel Laid October 14 1915 as CALIFORNIA
    Renamed March 22 1916
    Launched April 13 1917

Naval Covers

This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).

Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.

Postmarks

This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
 
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.


Contents

New Mexico was 624 feet (190 m) long overall and had a beam of 97 ft 5 in (29.69 m) and a draft of 30 ft (9.1 m). She displaced 31,000 long tons (32,000 t) as designed and up to 32,000 long tons (33,000 t) at full load. She had a crew of 1,084 officers and enlisted men. The ship's main armament comprised twelve 14"/50 caliber guns mounted three guns in each of four turrets, with each turret weighing 980 tonnes (1,080 short tons). The secondary battery consisted of fourteen 5 in (127 mm) /51 guns, with all of them being removed in May 1942. The anti-aircraft defense consisted of four 3 in (76 mm) guns, which were soon replaced by a battery of eight 5 in (127 mm) /25 guns. As was standard for capital ships of the period, she carried two 21 in (530 mm) torpedo tubes in deck mounted torpedo launchers. [2]

New Mexico ' s main armored belt was 13.5 in (343 mm) thick over the magazines and the machinery spaces and 8 in (203 mm) elsewhere. The main battery gun turrets had 18-inch (460 mm) thick faces, and the supporting barbettes had 13 in (330 mm) of armor plating on their exposed sides. Armor that was 3.5 in (89 mm) thick protected the decks. The conning tower had 11.5 in (290 mm) thick sides. [2]

Propulsion system

Unlike the other two battleships of this class which used geared turbines, New Mexico had turbo-electric transmission, in which the high-speed steam turbine drove a set of generators providing electricity to electric motors turning the propeller shafts. The engines were rated at 27,000 shaft horsepower (20,000 kW) and had nine Babcock & Wilcox boilers, generating a top speed of 21 knots (39 km/h 24 mph). She had a range of 8,000 nautical miles (9,200 mi) at a cruising speed of 10 knots (19 km/h 12 mph). [2]

General Electric ran an advertisement titled "The "Constitution" of To-day — Electronically Propelled" with a drawing of New Mexico next to USS Constitution. The ad touted the battleship as "the first of any nation to be electrically propelled". The electrical generating plant was said to put out 28,000 horsepower (21,000 kW) for a cruising speed of 10 knots (19 km/h 12 mph). GE called it one of the most important achievements of the scientific age and related it to consumer products noting that "so general are the applications of electricity to the needs of mankind that scarcely a home or individual today need be without the benefits of General Electric products and service." An illustrated booklet titled "The Electric Ship" was offered free of charge upon request. [3]

A comparison of the turbo-electric propulsion with the more conventional direct-drive turbine design used on her sister ships showed that the conventional design generated 2.5 times the power per ton of machinery and required 1/3 the floor area although at the cost of 20% greater fuel consumption, always a concern for the U.S. Navy given Pacific distances. The turbo-electric design allowed for the equipment to be split between smaller watertight compartments, which was a potential benefit should parts of the engine space be attacked and flooded. There was a design weakness in that all electrical connections went through a single switch room, which could entirely disable the ship were that room to be hit. Saratoga, which used a similar propulsion design, lost power for five minutes when it was hit by a torpedo in 1942. The scheme of watertight subdivisions was further weakened by large ventilation trunks passing through bulkheads and glass windows in the generator room bulkhead. [4]


Facebook

During WWII, USS New Mexico (BB-40) was struck by two Kamikazes. Both instances left a huge impact on the crew. In this Artifact Spotlight, learn more about the attacks and how it brought together three Sailors who found a way to share their experiences.
https://bit.ly/2Kh71Ok

YOUTUBE.COM

Artifact Spotlight: USS New Mexico BB 40 Aircraft Fragments

Naval History & Heritage Command

In this week's edition of # NavyHistoryMatters , we've compiled articles, commentaries, and blogs related to American Eagle Day (June 20th), our New Year’s Day Deck Log Contest Winners, the beginning of the War of 1812, and more!

Click here to read all these summaries and additional commentaries: https://go.usa.gov/x6UNs

HISTORY.NAVY.MIL

Navy History Matters

Naval History & Heritage Command

On June 19-20, 1944 The U.S. Navy’s Task Force 58 (Fast Carrier Task Force) clashed with the Japanese navy’s Carrier Division 3 in the Battle of the Philippine Sea. This was through a series of engagements mainly fought out in the air, over waters several hundred miles west of Saipan.

The following essay provides a detailed account of the Battle of the Philippine Sea and analyzes its great significance in determining the further course of the war in the Pacific: https://go.usa.gov/x6UXx

Pictured below: Lieutenant Junior Grade Alexander Vraciu, USNR, Fighting Squadron 16 "ace", holds up six fingers to signify his "kills" during the "Great Marianas Turkey Shoot" on June 19, 1944. (80-G-236841)


By NHHC

Today’s commissioning of the submarine USS New Mexico (SSN-779) provides us with an outstanding opportunity to look back at the history of the first ship to be named after Land of Enchantment, the Battleship New Mexico (BB-40). The Battleship New Mexico made history when it was launched on March 23, 1917 because it introduced turboelectric drive to American capital ship design.

In a traditional steam turbine ship, the turbines drive the shafts and screws directly through a series of reduction gears. In a turboelectric ship, the turbines drive electrical generators, which provide electricity to motors that drive the shaft and screws. Turboelectric drives were heavier and more expensive than traditional designs, but they allowed greater subdivision and system isolation for damage control, and provided more efficient power both ahead and astern.

Turboelectric drive was used in the New Mexico class, Tennessee class, Colorado class, the never-built South Dakota class, and the aircraft carriers Lexington and Saratoga, which were originally designed as battle cruisers. After this burst of construction, the extra weight of turboelectric plants made their use prohibitive under 1920s naval treaties that limited warship displacement. But the concept has been revived for future warship design as a way to provide fuel-efficient, survivable, reconfigurable electrical power for warship combat and propulsion systems.

For a short history of the Battleship New Mexico, click here. For images, click here.


U.S.S. NEW MEIXCO

USS New Mexico began her service when the Navy commissioned her in May 1918. During the remainder of the First World War, she patrolled the Eastern shoreline of the United States. By the end of 1919, the Navy designated the ship as the flagship of the Pacific and she reported for duty on the West Coast. For the next couple of decades, USS New Mexico worked in the Pacific with visits to Australia, New Zealand, and South America. From 1931 to 1933, the ship underwent a modernization project that improved her armament and guns.

In May 1941, USS New Mexico reported for duty in the Atlantic. This caused her to miss the Pearl Harbor raid later that year. The Navy sent her back to the Pacific in early 1942 to bolster the reduced forces operating in this area. The ship played a major role in many operations within the Pacific Theater for the remainder of the War. She took part in the invasions of Attu, Kiska, the Gilbert Islands, the Marshall Islands, New Ireland, Saipan, Tinian, Guam, Mindoro, Luzon, and Okinawa. Along the way, suicide planes hit her twice. She lost over 250 crewmen between the two. The Navy decommissioned her in July 1946 and sold for scrapping the next year.


USS New Mexico BB-40 - History


USS NEW MEXICO (BB40)
The Queen's Story in the Words of Her Men

USS New Mexico (BB 40 s) career touched upon the events of three centuries, (19th, 20th and 21st). Her design, prepared approximately ninety-eight years after Nelson s victory at Trafalgar, incorporated the lessons of the line of battle. She was designed as a battleship, a ship intended to serve in the van as did HMS Victory. USS New Mexico s armament, when she was commissioned during the final months of the First World War, included four three inch guns, weapons which could serve as anti-craft weapons, a defense against a threat which didn't exist when she was designed.

In 1919 USS New Mexico escorted Woodrow Wilson back from the Versailles Peace Conference where was set in motion a process which culminated in the Second World War. In 1941, USS New Mexico came into her own as a man-of-war. She was an older ship manned by a crew largely composed of young men, all volunteers, who hailed from every region of the country. She went into harms way providing gunfire support for the landings at most every major action in the Central Pacific and North Pacific. She sustained her most grievous injuries late during the war when struck by kamikazes, a suicide weapon which presaged the terrorist attacks and guided missiles of the current century.

USS New Mexico (BB 40) and her crew was the equal of every challenge they met. Many of these were unimagined when she was designed, launched then commissioned. Her history is a tribute to her builders and the men who crewed her. In this book, which includes 40 interviews and photographs, the history of USS New Mexico is told by her crewmen. They describe shipboard routine and their reasons for enlisting as well as recounting their combat experiences."


USS New Mexico BB-40

First commissioned in 1918, the USS New Mexico BB-40 started her 30-year service history as the flagship of the Pacific Fleet. Throughout her involvement in WWII combat operations, she would engage in a variety of missions that included training military personnel, bombarding enemy forces and protecting aircraft carriers.

Mesothelioma

Types of Mesothelioma

Asbestos Exposure

Mesothelioma Treatment Options

Patient Resources

The USS New Mexico in WWII

Seven months before the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the USS New Mexico departed this base and headed for Norfolk, Virginia to join the Atlantic Fleet, which, at the time, was engaged in protecting the waters in the western hemisphere. Shortly after in May 1942, the USS New Mexico underwent a major modernization of her artillery equipment.

In her next phase of WWII operations, the USS New Mexico:

• transported soldiers to the Fiji Islands
• participated in combat missions in Adak, Attu and Kiska
• bombarded Makin and protected aircraft carriers during the Gilbert Island invasion
• supported the Marshall Island invasion
• performed strikes on Wotje, Tinian, Saipan and Guam
• supported troops in the Battle of the Philippine Sea

After engaging in further strikes on Guam, the USS New Mexico continued her combat operations by joining other battleships fighting in the Battle of Leyte Gulf. While attacks from kamikaze planes would force her to take a break from the war effort so she could undergo repairs at Pearl Harbor, once fixed, the USS New Mexico was ready to aid in the invasion of Okinawa.

The need for further repairs meant that the USS New Mexico was not actively serving the war effort in the final days of WWII. However, she did arrive in Tokyo Bay in time to witness the official surrender of the Japanese in September 1945.

Asbestos Exposure aboard the USS New Mexico

While her exemplary performance in the Pacific Fleet would ultimately earn her six battle stars, the USS New Mexico did have some bleak points in her history – namely, the endangerment of lives that worked aboard this battleship. In addition the obvious threats associated with war, those who worked on the USS New Mexico also experienced carcinogenic asbestos exposure, which, over time, can cause incurable diseases.

Because most people who are exposed to asbestos for long periods of time develop fatal conditions, anyone who spent time aboard the USS New Mexico can benefit from learning more about the effects and methods of battleship asbestos exposure.

Contact us today to learn more about asbestos exposure aboard the USS New Mexico.


Watch the video: World of WarShips. New Mexico. 8 KILLS. 241K Damage - Replay Gameplay 4K 60 fps (February 2023).

Video, Sitemap-Video, Sitemap-Videos