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Princess Royal SwStr - History

Princess Royal SwStr - History

Princess Royal

(SwStr: t. 828; 1. 196'9"; b. 27'3", dph. 16', dr. 11', s. 11 k.
a. 2 30-pdr. P.r., 1 9" D.sb., 4 24-pdr. how.)

Prince~ Poyal, a British blockade runner captured &t Charleston, S.C., 29 January 1963, was purchased by the Navy Department from the Philadelphia Prize Court 18 March 1863; fitted out as a cruiser; and commissioned 29 May 1863, Comdr. M. B. Woolsey in command.

Assigned to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, Princec' Royal participated in the engagement with Confederate forces at Donaldsonville, La., 28 June 1863. Then ordered to the Texas coast, she captured the British schooner Flyin' Sc'~d near Matamoros 12 August, and assisted in seizing th~ schooner Wave 22 August. Continuing her patrols into 1864 she took Neptune off Brazoa de Santiago, 19 November 1864 ran down the schooner Flash six days later, seized the schooner Alabama, 7 December, and captured Cora off Galveston, 19 December.

On 7 February 1865, she assisted in the capture of her last

prize, the schooner Anna Sophia in Galveston Bay. Five months later Prince~ Royal wau ordered north, arriving at Philadelphia 21 July. She was sold at public auction 17 August 1865.


Building the Worst MLB Player

It’s easy to sit behind a screen and write about how certain players are really great, but what about those players who are just atrocious? In this article, I will break down the six skills that really define a player. These skills are contact, power, batting eye, speed, fielding, and arm. Different players obviously have their own strengths and weaknesses for this article, I am solely focusing on weaknesses. I will dissect players who are very weak at each of those categories to build the worst fictional player possible. To select the player from each category, I have only used active players who qualified for the batting title with enough plate appearances in 2018. This also goes without saying, but these players may be stronger in different skills. In no way am I deeming these the six worst players in baseball because that is not the case. With that, let’s build the worst player in baseball.

Contact- Chris Davis, 1B, Baltimore Orioles

Photo via Wikimedia Commons

It is no secret that Davis’ contract will go down as one of the worst in baseball history. Davis was not paid for his contact, but rather his once other-worldly power. Chris Davis honestly looked like he was swinging a garden hose at a marble when he was at the plate. The lefty struck out at an exorbitant 36.8% that led all of baseball. The first basemen also had the seventh worst SwStr% at 14.2. Of all the pitches “Crush” saw in 2018, he whiffed at 14.2% of them, corresponding with his high strikeout percentage. Along with his poor SwStr%, Davis also garnered a contact % of 68.5 – meaning he only made contact with 68.5% of pitches he swung at. This clip was good for sixth worst in baseball. A player with the contact skill of Chris Davis would certainly struggle to find success at the plate.

Power- Billy Hamilton, OF, Kansas City Royals

Billy Hamilton just inked with the Royals and power is quite the opposite of what he is known for. His lack of power makes him the perfect candidate for the “power” skill when building the worst player. Hamilton “smacked” 4 homers in 2018 which put him at third worst among qualified hitters. Per Baseball Savant, Hamilton averaged the lowest average exit velocity (Min. 150 batted ball events) with a measly 79.4 MPH. Also per Baseball Savant, his 0.4 Barrels/Plate Appearance % ranked fourth worst in baseball. Hamilton never has been and never will be a long ball hitter. Rather, he does his damage on the basepaths. Still, that does not save him from being the worst power hitter in baseball.

Batting Eye- Salvador Perez, C, Kansas City Royals

Another Royal is used to build the worst player possible. Although catchers are not known for their strong hitting prowess, they still hold a valuable spot in the lineup. One thing Salvy does not do well is see the pitches he is hitting. O-Swing% is the percent of pitches swung at outside of the zone divided by total pitches outside of the strike zone. Perez ranked dead last in this percentage at 48.4%. Almost half of the pitches that were not in the strike zone, Perez swung at. His swinging habits really limit him as a hitter and it directly points to why his 3.1 BB% ranked second to last across baseball. Salvador is one of the least disciplined hitters in baseball and it showed in 2018. Although he plays at a position thin of depth, it is no excuse to have as poor of a batting eye as he does.

Speed- Albert Pujols, 1B/DH, Los Angeles Angels

Photo via Keith Allison, Flickr

Albert Pujols is past his glory days and has been for quite some time. Like other machines, “The Machine” has broken time as he his gotten older. His legs were never a strong suit of his, but they have certainly worsened since he was a young buck. Baseball Savant has measured Pujols’ sprint speed at 22.2 ft./sec., good for dead last in the MLB. Pujols may be excused, however, because of his once elite bat and his ripe age of 38. To his credit, he tallied a dazzling one stolen base. Speed does not come in abundance in baseball, but Pujols is arguably the slowest player in the game and you can certainly see it when watching him try to beat out a ground ball.

Fielding- Miguel Andujar, 3B, New York Yankees

Andujar is the youngest player to contribute a skill to this fantasy player. The young third basemen by no means had an unsuccessful campaign in 2018 he was narrowly bested by Shohei Ohtani in the AL Rookie of the Year voting. Albeit being dangerous with a bat, Andujar is a monumental liability at the hot corner. His -24.5 UZR/150 was nearly 8 points worse than the next closest guy. His -25 defensive runs saved ranks only ahead of Rockies’ outfielder Charlie Blackmon. The sloppy play of the Yankee third basemen was noticeable throughout 2018. Although he may grow out of his lackluster defensive play, his fielding was one of the worst in 2018 and can be used to create the worst player in baseball.

Arm- A.J. Pollock, OF, Free Agent/ Denard Span, OF, Seattle Mariners

To measure who has the worst arm in baseball, I used the ARM stat from Fangraphs. Per Fangraphs, ARM is “The amount of runs above average an outfielder saves with their arm by preventing runners from advancing.” Both Pollock and Span accumulated the same ARM total and that was -5.2. The aging outfielders have shown they can be solid at the plate, but in the field they have some of the worst arms in baseball. Both of these former stars struggled to throw out runners or prevent them from advancing. Their ARM totals were tied for last across baseball. This fictional player would have a noddle arm if they acquired the arm strengths of Pollock or Span.

To recap, six skills were examined and each skill was represented by the worst player for that skill. A player with Chris Davis’ contact, Billy Hamilton’s power, Salvador Perez’s batting eye, Albert Pujols’ speed, Miguel Andujar’s fielding, and your choice of A.J. Pollock’s or Denard Span’s arm is the worst fictional player in today’s game. I believe this fictional baseball player would be far and away the most unbearable player to watch.

Agree? Disagree? Let me know! Follow me on Twitter: @__tylergreen__


Prince Harry’s royal title dropped from Diana exhibition

Prince Harry is to have his royal title dropped from the credits of an exhibition at Kensington Palace showing the dresses of his mother Diana, Princess of Wales.

A week ago, the Diana exhibits came with a display panel that said “Lent by HRH [his royal highness] the Duke of Cambridge and HRH the Duke of Sussex”, the Sunday Times reported. But Harry’s HRH is to be removed with its inclusion blamed on “an administrative error”.

The changes reflect the continuing sensitivities over Harry’s departure from royal life and his move, with wife Meghan and son Archie, to California.

Under the arrangement it was agreed the Duke and Duchess of Sussex could retain their HRH styles, but the couple has agreed not to use them. That is in contrast to Diana, who was stripped of her HRH title after her divorce from Prince Charles.

The panels at Kensington Palace are on the star exhibits in an exhibition that opened last week titled Royal Style in the Making.

It includes Diana’s 1981 wedding dress, designed by David and Elizabeth Emanuel, complete with its spectacular sequin encrusted train which, at 25ft, filled the aisle of St Paul’s Cathedral. It remains the longest in royal history.

Also on display is the pink suit with ruffle detail created by designers at Bellville Sassoon, which Diana wore as she departed on her honeymoon. She wore it on several other occasions, including the royal couple’s 1983 tour of Australia.

Both are being loaned by William and Harry. In a sign of the protocol messiness that is likely to continue, Harry is still called HRH Duke of Sussex on the Kensington Palace website page for the new exhibition.

The loans were organised by the Royal Collection Trust. In a statement, it said the dresses were “loaned by HRH the Duke of Cambridge and the Duke of Sussex” and that “due to an administrative error, for which the Royal Collection Trust was responsible, the labels were incorrect and will be updated”.


Princess Anne was born in London, on August 15, 1950. In 1973, she married Lieutenant (now Captain) Mark Phillips of the Queen&aposs Dragoon Guards, but they were divorced in 1992. They had two children together, Peter Mark Andrew (1977) and Zara Anne Elizabeth (1981). She later married Timothy Laurence in 1992.

An accomplished horsewoman, Princess Anne won the individual gold medal at the 1971 European Eventing Championships and became the first Royal Olympian when she was named to the 1976 British equestrian team. She is a keen supporter of charities and overseas relief work, having acted as president of Save the Children Fund and traveled widely in order to promote its activities. Since 1988, she has been a member of the International Olympic Committee and is president of the British Olympic Association. Her daughter, Zara Phillips, won the European Eventing Championship in 2005.


Prince Philip, Outsider Who Became England’s Longest-Serving Royal Consort, Dies at 99

Prince Philip, the husband of Queen Elizabeth II, died April 9, 2021 at the age of 99. He married the future queen in 1947 and served steadfastly by her side for more than 70 years, as she became the longest-serving monarch in British history. As Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich, among many other titles, Philip was one of the busiest members of the royal family until he stepped away from his official duties in 2017. Since then, he underwent surgery on his hip and was involved in a traffic accident in which his vehicle hit another car and flipped over, though he was reportedly unhurt.

The British monarchy’s longest-running love story began just before the Second World War, when 18-year-old Prince Philip of Greece met his third cousin, Princess Elizabeth, the elder daughter of King George VI, during her family’s visit to the Britannia Royal Naval College at Dartmouth, where Philip was studying.

Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh, seen on their honeymoon (top) in Broadlands, Romsey, Hampshire in 1947 and in the same location (bottom) for their 60th wedding anniversary.

Topical Press Agency/Getty Images (top) Tim Graham/Getty Images (bottom)

Then only 13 years old, Lilibet (as she was known to friends and family) was smitten by her tall, handsome older cousin immediately. She “never took her eyes off him,” Elizabeth’s longtime nanny, Marion 𠇌rawfie” Crawford, later wrote of their first meeting, as quoted by the future queen’s biographer, Sally Bedell Smith, even though Philip 𠇍id not pay her any special attention.”

Born in 1921 on the Greek island of Corfu, Philip’s roots were as royal as they come: His father was Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, his paternal grandmother was a Romanov and his mother was the former Alice of Battenberg, a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria.

But he had a difficult childhood, as political turmoil in Greece forced his family into exile in France when he was still an infant, and they lived in relative poverty (compared to other royals). All too soon, Philip’s parents split up his mother went into a sanatorium, and later joined a religious order, while his father spent much of his time gambling in the South of France.

From age 10 on, then, the young prince spent much of his time at various boarding schools and with relatives. He lived in Germany for a time, but was sent back to England in 1934 to attend the Gordonstoun School, founded by Kurt Hahn, an intellectual who had fled Germany to avoid persecution by the Nazis. Under Hahn’s influence, Philip flourished at Gordonstoun, and would later insist on sending his eldest son, Prince Charles, who hated it.

In 1937, when Philip was 16, his sister Cecile, her husband and their children were killed in a plane crash. Philip flew to Germany and marched in their funeral procession, surrounded by fellow mourners in Nazi uniforms.

After his graduation from school, Philip joined the Royal Navy. After that first meeting with young Princess Elizabeth, the attachment between the two royal cousins grew during World War II, when Philip served with the Royal Navy in the Mediterranean and the Pacific. He was given a military award for his service on the HMS Valiant during the British victory over the Italian navy in the Battle of Cape Matapan in 1941, and emerged from the war as one of the Royal Navy’s youngest lieutenants.

In 1946, Philip proposed to Elizabeth at the royal family’s estate in Balmoral, Scotland. Despite Philip’s noble pedigree and stellar war record, his foreign status (including his sisters’ marital ties with prominent members of the Nazi Party) made him an outsider in royal circles, and a controversial choice of husband for the heir to the British throne.

On November 14, 1947, the couple were married in Westminster Abbey, and King George VI named Philip as Duke of Edinburgh shortly after that. Philip had given up his title of prince of Greece and taken his mother’s family surname of Mountbatten (the Anglicized version of Battenberg) when he became a British citizen.

During the early years of their marriage, Philip and Elizabeth had two children, Charles and Anne, and set up homes in a separate London residence, Clarence House, and on the Mediterranean island of Malta, where Philip continued his service in the Royal Navy. In 1950, he was given command of his own ship, the HMS Magpie.

But after Elizabeth’s father was diagnosed with lung cancer, the couple was called back so that she could take on an increased share of the royal duties. In early 1952, Philip and Elizabeth were traveling in Kenya, then a British colony, when they got word that King George VI had died at the age of 56.

Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Phillip on Coronation Day in 1953.

Hulton-Deutsch Collection/Corbis/Getty Images

Then just 25, Elizabeth would now become queen, decades earlier than the couple had expected. For Philip, his wife’s ascension to the throne meant making certain compromises. Though he had wanted his wife to take his name, Mountbatten, Elizabeth’s mother and grandmother, Queens Elizabeth and Mary, vetoed this idea, with the support of Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The young family also moved from Clarence House to Buckingham Palace, at Churchill’s insistence. (The couple would have two more sons, Andrew and Edward, in the 1960s.)

Most painfully, Philip was forced to give up his naval career. “It was not my ambition to be president of the Mint Advisory Committee. I didn&apost want to be president of WWF [World Wildlife Fund],” he told the Independent in 1992. “I&aposd much rather have stayed in the Navy, frankly.”

But his difficult childhood had left him with a strong sense of familial duty, which would serve him well as a royal consort. In June 1953, when his wife was crowned Queen Elizabeth II in a televised ceremony at Westminster Abbey, Philip knelt before her and solemnly pledged to become her “liege man of life and limb.”

According to British royal tradition, the husband of a queen doesn’t become king he is officially known as a prince consort. But in 1957, a decade after they married, Queen Elizabeth made Philip an official prince of the United Kingdom, restoring the title he had given up before their marriage.

For more than a half-century, Prince Philip supported his wife in her royal duties and took on an ambitious slate of obligations of his own, averaging some 350 official engagements a year, according to one estimate. He also ran the queen’s estates, including a country home at Sandringham, Windsor Castle and Balmoral.

Gossip linked Prince Philip to various other women over the years, including the actress Pat Kirkwood, the author Daphne du Maurier and Philip’s childhood friend, the cabaret star Hélène Cordet. But such reports were always strenuously denied, and no evidence ever surfaced proving an affair.

Perhaps most famously, Prince Philip earned a reputation for his conservative views and his plainspoken candor. The press once referred to him as a “national treasure,” and his plainspoken candor made some people laugh, many others cringed at his more controversial, casually racist gaffes.

A painting of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is photographed in the year of his retirement from public engagements set in The Grand Corridor at Windsor Castle with him depicted wearing the sash of the Order of the Elephant, Denmark&aposs highest-ranking honor in 2017 in England. 

Ralph Heimans/Buckingham Palace/PA Wire/Getty Images

In 2017, Prince Philip stepped away from his public duties, after having maintained one of the busiest schedules of all of the royals. According to a statement issued at the time, then 96-year-old Philip was “patron, president or a member of over 780 organisations, with which he will continue to be associated, although he will no longer play an active role by attending engagements.” That November, Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth celebrated their 70th wedding anniversary. 

News broke in early 2019 that Prince Philip had been involved in a car crash while driving near the royal estate at Sandringham, when his Land Rover hit another car and overturned. Two women in the Kia were treated at a hospital and released with minor injuries. Though his windshield shattered, the duke was reportedly unhurt, and was seen driving several days later (not wearing a seatbelt). 

In February 2021, Philip was admitted to King Edward VII Hospital in London. Buckingham Palace said in a statement that it was a precautionary measure recommended by his doctor after Philip was feeling unwell. Philip had returned home to Windsor Castle in March.

On April 9, 2021, a notice from the Royal Familyਊnnounced, "His Royal Highness passed away peacefully this morning at Windsor Castle."


It was built between 1825 and 1827.

The residence was designed by John Nash next to St. James's Palace as a home for King George III's son&mdashthen Prince William Henry, Duke of Clarence, soon to be King William IV&mdashin the 19th century. The three-story stuccoed mansion was luxurious, to be sure, but far less resplendent than Nash's work on Buckingham Palace.


The Hidden Dark Side of Charles and Diana’s Relationship

Prince Charles, it seems, had stumbled into the marriage. Press speculation of their affair had reached a fever pitch, prompting his father, Prince Philip, to advise either ending the relationship or proposing—pushing the heir to the British throne into the betrothal. 

But the relationship was far from happy. Diana was paranoid that the Palace was trying to control her and that Charles was still seeing his former flame Camilla. On the way back from the second dress rehearsal of their wedding,਍iana wept copiously in the car,�ll Smith writes in her� biography Prince Charles: The Passions and Paradoxes of an Improbably Life. By the honeymoon, the relationship had soured further𠅍iana would weep in her bedroom, and flounce out of dinner with the Queen and family, a shocking breach of protocol. Suffering from insomnia 𠇊nd growing thinner by the day,” the princess showed increasing signs of eating disorders and tendencies for self-harm.

Prince Charles kissing Princess Diana following a polo match in June 1985. (Credit: Tim Graham/Getty Images)

“‘What is it now, Diana?’ Charles would implore. ‘What have I said now to make you cry?’” reports Bedell Smith. 𠇊gain and again, he reassured her that his affair with Camilla Parker Bowles was in the past. He tried soothing Diana, but felt powerless to contain her emotional storms, which shocked him in their intensity and suddenness.ਊt his wits’ end, he began seeking refuge in the Balmoral countryside with his paint-box, books, fishing rod and guns, but that only made his young wife even more aggrieved.”

Older mentors recommended Charles arrange psychiatric help, and even suggested valium𠅋ut Diana refused the drug, according to the author, 𠇌onvinced in her growing paranoia that the Royal Family was trying to sedate her.”

Charles and Diana meet the press at Balmoral in May 1981, weeks before their wedding. (Credit: Tim Graham/Getty Images)

Eventually a therapist, Dr. Alan McGlashan, was summoned,਋ut Diana rejected him. Instead it was Charles who turned to him for help, and according to the author, Charles continued to see him for the next 14 years. 𠇌harles’s friend Laurence Van der Post says McGlashan perceived Charles as ‘misunderstood and starved’ of ‘really spontaneous, natural affection,’ and provided the prince with ‘the respect his own natural spirit deserves.’”

The book goes on to detail the princess’s jealous rages and desire to pick arguments and fights. Bedell Smith says the prince told his cousin Pamela Hicks that 𠇍iana would resurrect a row with him even when he was saying his prayers. She ‘would hit him over the head’ while he knelt.”

Previous accounts of Diana’s life have taken in her mental instability. In Andrew Morton’s famous biography (which Diana eventually admitted colluding in), Morton reports she attempted suicide several times and suffered repeatedly from bulimia, self-mutilation, depression and acute anxiety.

Prince Charles And Princess Diana kissing on the balcony of Buckingham Palace on their wedding day, July 29, 1981. (Credit: Tim Graham/Getty Images)

Bedell Smith lays the blame for both parties’ emotional inadequacies on their upbringings. 𠇍iana was tormented by feelings of emptiness and detachment she feared abandonment she had difficulty sustaining relationships and she kept those closest to her on tenterhooks,” writes Bedell Smith. “Ultimately, out of frustration, they abandoned her.”

Further revelations about Diana’s rages—which resulted in her throwing herself downstairs whilst pregnant, and slashing herself with razors, shards of glass and knives in front of her husband—paint a picture of a deeply disturbed woman, a long way from the ‘Queen of Hearts’ and ‘People’s Princess’ that was to become her legacy in the immediate aftermath of her death.

One of the prince’s former advisers tells Bedell Smith that after meeting Diana, he remembered thinking: ‘There is a rod of steel up this woman’s back.’ Diana’s father, Earl Spencer, later confirmed as much when he said: 𠆍iana is very determined indeed and always gets her own way. I think Prince Charles is learning that by now.’

Princess Diana and Prince Charles during a 1991 trip to Canada. (Credit: Tim Graham/Getty Images)

Diana’s hostility toward Charles is not spared by Bedell Smith. She hated all of his hobbies—his polo, his paintings, his gardening, even his love of Shakespeare�ording to the author. 𠇍iana taunted him by saying, ‘You’ll never be King,’ and banished many of his old friends—including the Romseys, the Palmer-Tomkinsons and the Tory MP Nicholas Soames. Resenting anything associated with Charles’s previous life, she also insisted on getting rid of Harvey, his yellow Labrador, who was sent to live with one of the prince’s advisers.”

Eventually, the couple took separate bedrooms. At Highgrove,�ll Smith writes, "that entailed Charles moving into a dressing room to sleep on a single bed, along with a well-worn teddy bear,” 

Prince Charles And Princess Diana on their last official trip together, in November 1992. (Credit: Tim Graham/Getty Images)

As a last attempt to facilitate reconciliation, the royal family sent in the Archbishop of Canterbury. But according to the author, he “saw ‘little evidence’ that Diana ‘was prepared to make the marriage work’ and concluded ‘with some sorrow that Charles was more sinned against than sinning.’”

When the Queen finally advised a separation, Bedell Smith says, 𠇎veryone in Charles’s family took his side, including Princess Margaret, who had previously shown kindness, even tenderness, to Diana. Prince Philip sent his son a long letter, praising his ‘saint-like fortitude.’”

National newspapers blast headlines on December 21, 1995 with news of the queen’s orders that Charles and Diana divorce. (Credit: JOHNNY EGGITT/AFP/Getty Images)

In separation, their relationship apparently mellowed, with Charles sometimes dropping in to see her and consulting her about their sons. But as Bedell Smith writes: “When Charles heard the news about Diana’s death while being driven through a Paris tunnel with Dodi, he was distraught. At 7:15 am, when his sons awoke, he told them what had happened.”

Later, lashed with grief, self-pity and regret, the prince turned to his courtiers. ‘They’re all going to blame me, aren’t they?’ he said plaintively.”


Camilla was considered a commoner

Camilla was from an upper-class background her wealthy, well-connected relations included a grandfather who was a baron. However, many of those around Charles wanted the prince to wed someone with the highest aristocratic pedigrees. During his bachelor years, he was often linked to the daughters of dukes and earls, one of whom was Lady Sarah Spencer, older sister to the girl who would become Princess Diana. Lord Louis Mountbatten, a mentor, great-uncle, and surrogate grandfather to the prince, had a match between Charles and his own granddaughter in mind.

Camilla didn&apost possess a title, but she did have a royal link: Her great-grandmother, Alice Keppel, had been a mistress of Edward VII, Charles&apos great-grandfather. Mutual friend Lucia Santa Cruz reportedly joked about the relationship when she introduced them, saying, "Now, you two, be very careful, you’ve got genetic antecedents." Yet the connection wasn&apost one likely to render Camilla more suitable in the eyes of a monarchy dedicated to preserving its public image.

Of course, a few decades later Kate Middleton was able to marry Charles&apos son Prince William even though she was a commoner. Camilla&aposs background wasn&apost a strong asset, but it also wasn&apost the sole reason she was deemed unsuitable.

Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles in 1979

Photo: TIM GRAHAM/Getty Images


Timeline: The Saga of Crown Princess Martha and President Roosevelt

Trace the background and key events that shaped the fate of Norway and its royal family during World War II. Atlantic Crossing brings together two key players in this true-life drama: Norwegian Crown Princess Martha and U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt.

Royal Wedding

Crown Prince Olav of Norway marries Princess Martha of Sweden, a year after their engagement at the 1928 Olympic Summer Games.

Olav and Martha Visit Roosevelts

Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt host Olav and Martha at the beginning and end of the couple’s ten-week goodwill tour of the U.S. [Image credit: Library of Congress, Harris & Ewing Collection]

Germany Invades Norway

In a campaign that will last two months, German troops invade Norway, immediately taking the capital of Oslo, as the royal family flees.

King, Prince, and Princess in Hiding

While King Haakon and Crown Prince Olav try to maintain the Norwegian government, Martha and the children escape to Sweden.

Martha and Children Voyage to U.S.

President Roosevelt sends the army troopship American Legion to transport Martha and her three children secretly to the U.S.

Martha Moves into White House

At Roosevelt’s invitation, Martha and the children live at the White House until they find a more permanent home near Washington, D.C.

Roosevelt Reelected

President Roosevelt is reelected to an unprecedented third term, defeating Republican challenger, Wendell Willkie.

King Haakon Addresses American People

In a radio speech from London, the exiled Norwegian king thanks the American people for their steadfast support.

Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor

Japanese planes attack the American fleet in Hawaii, bringing the U.S. into World War II. Germany declares war on the U.S. four days later. [Image credit: Franklin D. Roosevelt Library archive]

Roosevelt Gives Warship to Norway

With Martha accepting on behalf of Norway, President Roosevelt presents the new escort ship HNoMS King Haakon VII to Norwegian exiles.

Roosevelt Dies

A cerebral hemorrhage fells the president less than a month before victory over Nazi Germany.

Victory in Europe

A ceasefire takes effect marking the unconditional surrender of German forces to the Allies. Norway is now free. [Image credit: National Archives catalog]

Royals Return to Norway

King Haakon, Crown Prince Olav, Crown Princess Martha, and their children return to Norway after five years of war and exile.

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