Mineral Acid Definition and List

Mineral Acid Definition and List

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A mineral acid or inorganic acid is any acid derived from an inorganic compound that dissociates to produce hydrogen ions (H+) in water. Mineral acids are highly soluble in water but tend to be insoluble in organic solvents. The inorganic acids are corrosive.

Mineral Acids

The mineral acids include the bench acids-hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, and nitric acid-so-called because they are the acids most commonly used in a laboratory setting.

A list of the mineral acids includes:

  • Hydrochloric acid: HCl
  • Nitric acid: HNO3
  • Phosphoric acid: H3PO4
  • Sulfuric acid: H2SO4
  • Boric acid: H3BO3
  • Hydrofluoric acid: HF
  • Hydrobromic acid: HBr
  • Perchloric acid: HClO4
  • Hydroiodic acid: HI

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